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John Bascom - Creator of Science of Mind - progenitor of New Thought

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John Bascom's

Science of Mind

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Introduction - Intellect - Mental Science's Divisions - Intellect's Divisions and Perceptions - The Understanding - The Reason - The Dynamics of the Intellect - Physical Feelings - Intellectual Feelings - Spiritual Feelings - Dynamics of Feelings - The Will - The Nervous System - Nervous System of Man - Executive Volition - Primary Volition, or Choice - Dynamics of the Will and the Mind - The Relations of the Systems Here Offered to Prevalent Forms of Philosophy - Index - Contents -

the spinal cord is a secondary centre of muscular action; the medulla oblongata is an automatic centre of organic action; the cerebellum harmonizes voluntary action; the pons Varolii is a subsidiary automatic centre to the cerebellum; the cerebrum is the source of all conscious activity; the mesencephalic ganglia optici thalami, corpora striata, corpora quadrigemina, corpora geniculata are automatic centres subordinate to the cerebrum. The sympathetic system, not included in the cerebro-spinal-axis, serves the purposes of purely organic harmony in strictly animal life.

Lesson 92 - 3. Forms of nervous action - p.385

3. We are now prepared to understand that vital, nervous action which is not voluntary, but anticipatory merely. Its first most simple form is that of reflex action superficial irritation returned directly from a nervous centre as motor stimulus. This, detached nervous ganglia accomplish in animal life, and the divided spinal cord in man, An advance on this is seen in continuous, vital movement accomplished by a special nervous centre, like the medulla oblongata, wholly involuntary and beyond the cognition of the mind. A farther progress is seen in that mixed action which is chiefly involuntary, and sustained by a nervous centre as the cerebellum, which is not the seat of consciousness, but is intimately connected with a second nervous centre the cerebrum, from which it receives voluntary influences. A still more intimate blending of the higher, and lower life takes place through the mediation of mesent cephalia ganglia. Stimuli which come through the superior senses as sensations are carefully united with fitting organic actions, as clear articulation in reading and shortly the two become an automatic combination. The highest action is that which remains throughout under the guidance of consciousness. That we should understand this blending of the automatic and the voluntary is indispensable to a right

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