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John Bascom - Creator of Science of Mind - progenitor of New Thought

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John Bascom's

Science of Mind

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Introduction - Intellect - Mental Science's Divisions - Intellect's Divisions and Perceptions - The Understanding - The Reason - The Dynamics of the Intellect - Physical Feelings - Intellectual Feelings - Spiritual Feelings - Dynamics of Feelings - The Will - The Nervous System - Nervous System of Man - Executive Volition - Primary Volition, or Choice - Dynamics of the Will and the Mind - The Relations of the Systems Here Offered to Prevalent Forms of Philosophy - Index - Contents -

do it; the mind notes them at once, and shapes its apprehension to them at once, without the aid of any image. Indeed, no image exactly covers them. The whole question resolves itself into the reality and validity of the processes of mind, expressed in abstraction, generalization, conception. Have we here a power of mind, or only the grouping of images?

Lesson 39 - 11. Erroneous views of judgment Sir William Hamilton - p.160

11. Before proceeding to speak more fully on the exact office of judgment, I wish to draw attention to one or two erroneous views becoming increasingly prevalent concerning it. Says Sir "William Hamilton, "Consciousness, necessarily involves a judgment; and as every act of mind is an act of consciousness, every act of mind consequently involves a judgment. A consciousness is necessarily the consciousness of a determinate something, and we cannot be conscious of anything without virtually affirming its existence, that is judging it to be. Consciousness is thus primarily a judgment or affirmation of existence." These assertions are much too broad; especially so for the philosophy of Sir William Hamilton, that we directly know the object of perception as external. All matter in consciousness may become a subject of judgments; if it is thought about, it must become such a subject. But there is no absolute necessity that it should, by the judgment, be made an object of attention; that this faculty should play upon it; that it should more than quietly flow through the organ of sensation without producing any action of mind beyond simple perception. To say that mere, pure perception is a judgment, that "consciousness is primarily a judgment," is an affirmation wrong in form, since consciousness is the condition of mental action, and not the action itself; and erroneous in idea, since it virtually merges all mental acts or powers in one. If perception is primarily a judgment, so is feeling, so is memory, since out of each of these acts, by

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