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William Atkinson's

Art Of Logical Thinking

Book page numbers, along with the number to the left of the .htm extension match the page numbers of the original books to ensure easy use in citations for research papers and books


1 - Reasoning - 2 - Process of Reasoning - 3 - The Concept - 4 - The Use of Concepts - 5 - Concepts and Images - 6 - Terms - 7 - Meaning of Terms - 8 - Judgments - 9 - Propositions - 10 - Immediate Reasoning - 11 - Inductive Reasoning - 12 - Reasoning by Induction - 13 - Theory and Hypotheses - 14 - Making and Testing Hypotheses - 15 - Deductive Reasoning - 16 - The Syllogism - 17 - Varieties of Syllogisms - 18 - Reasoning by Analogy - 19 - Fallacies -


Chapter 13 - Theory and Hypotheses - p. 125

Following Jevons' classification, we find that the Second Step in Inductive Reasoning is that called "The Making of Hypotheses."

A Hypothesis is: "A supposition, proposition or principle assumed or taken for grated in order to draw a conclusion or inference in proof of the point or question; a proposition assumed or taken for granted, though not proved, for the purpose of deducing proof of a point in question." It will be seen that a Hypothesis is merely held to be possibly or probably true, and not certainly true; it is in the nature of a. working assumption, whose truth must be tested by observed facts. The assumption may apply either to the cause of things, or to the laws which govern things. Akin to a hypothesis, and by many people confused in meaning with the latter, is what is called a Theory.

A Theory is: "A verified hypothesis a hypothesis which has been established as, apparently,

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